違反棕油可持續發展圓桌會議標準 印尼最大粽油公司被迫停止拓展計劃

新聞發布

森林人民計劃(Forest Peoples Programme)

2015/5/30
翻譯:黃康偉

違反棕油可持續發展圓桌會議標準 印尼最大粽油公司被迫停止拓展計劃
粽油巨頭因觸犯多項棕油可持續發展圓桌會議(RSPO)準則,遭勒令停止拓展計劃。

(2015年5月7日訊)棕油可持續發展圓桌會議(RSPO)投訴小組捍衛森林人民計劃(Forest Peoples Programme)關於金光農業資源有限公司(Golden Agri Resources)正在加里曼丹尋求18處拓展的指責。根據投訴小組最終的結論,該組織有合理的基礎斷定,該公司違反多項棕油可持續發展圓桌會議(RSPO)規範。

投訴小組特此禁止金光農業資源有限公司收購或發展任何新的區域,直到該投訴處理至投訴小組滿意為止。

森林人民計劃和當地夥伴婆羅洲連線(Link-AR Borneo)經過反復的實地調查,各個非政府組織已經針對該公司不斷表示關注,並將相關問題送上棕油可持續發展圓桌會議(RSPO)。事件發生後,該公司緩慢地做出回應。非政府組織發現,該公司正在進行拓展計劃,並且在未經許可獲得土地,也没有完整依据高保護价值土地的需要進行估價。而且,上述事件都存在合法性的問題。投訴小組規定,

金光農業資源有限公司必須針對受影響的社區進行補救措施,以糾正在任何徵地過程中的問題……並堅持金光農業資源有限公司必須履行承諾,分配百分之二十的土地給予小農,因為該公司已經答應了這項承諾……

婆羅洲連線(Link-AR Borneo)坤甸區執行長亞古斯•蘇托莫(Agus Sutomo)說,

我們需要政府記錄這個決定。政府一直胡亂執法,並且在土著人民的土地上發放油棕種植執照,甚至政府也沒有事先告知居民,這樣的做法是對人民、對森林及對印尼不好的。

近幾年來,非政府組織已經針對沒有強力落實棕油可持續發展圓桌會議(RSPO)標準及政府對多處非法行徑視而不見表達了不滿。

森林人民計劃高級政策顧問馬克斯•克車特(Marcus Colchester)說,我們希望這項決定將會說服金光農業資源有限公司和SMART公司必須重新和社區進行協商。公司目前在未經通知及同意下,奪取了他人的土地。我們強烈支持棕油可持續發展圓桌會議(RSPO)堅持其標準。

我們需要從棕油可持續發展圓桌會議(RSPO)認可的供應鏈中,消除所有掠奪土地的行徑。

Press Release
Forest Peoples Programme
7th May, 2015

Expansion by Indonesia’s largest palm oil company frozen for disobeying RSPO standards

Palm oil conglomerate ordered to halt expansion of operations following multiple violations of RSPO standards.

7th May, 2015: The RSPO’s Complaints Panel has upheld the Forest Peoples Programme in its complaint against Golden Agri Resources, which was seeking to expand 18 of its operations in Kalimantan. After concluding that it has ‘reasonable grounds’ to conclude that the company is in violation of several RSPO norms, the latest ‘determination’ by the Panel notes:

The Panel hereby prohibits GAR from acquiring or developing any new areas until this complaint has been dealt with to the satisfaction of the Complaints Panel.

Repeated field surveys by Forest Peoples Programme with local partner, LinkAR-Borneo, show that the company has sluggishly responded, after the NGOs had repeatedly raised concerns first with the company and then the RSPO. The NGOs found that the company had filed to expand its operations after it had taken land without proper consent, had not completed required High Conservation Value assessments and was of questionable legality. The Complaints Panel rules that:

GAR must also take remedial steps to correct any shortcomings in its land acquisition process with the affected communities… and insists that GAR must honor its commitment to allocate 20 % of the land for the smallholders as it has promised to do…

Agus Sutomo Executive Director of Pontianak-based LinkAR Borneo says:

We need the Government to take note of this decision. Chaotic law enforcement and handing out permits for oil palm plantations on indigenous peoples’ lands without even informing them in advance is bad for people, bad for forests and bad for Indonesia.

In past years NGOs have expressed growing dismay that the RSPO was failing to enforce its standards and turning a blind eye to multiple violations.

We hope this decision will now persuade GAR/SMART that it has to renegotiate with communities where it has taken over their lands without their informed consent, says Marcus Colchester, Senior Policy Advisor of the Forest Peoples Programme. We are greatly encouraged that the RSPO is upholding its standard. We need to eliminate all land-grabbing from the RSPO-endorsed supply chain.

背景資料:

金光農業資源有限公司於西加里曼丹卡普阿斯上游區的森林保護政策對社會影響的獨立審查報告

2014年1月16日
書寫:Marcus Colchester (FPP), Norman Jiwan (TUK-Indonesia) dan Emilola Kleden (FPP)


種植公司為了避免破壞森林和引起氣候變化,已接受建議在其執照的範圍中,擱置使用森林區和泥炭地。但是,這對森林裡的人有什麼影響?這到底讓他們受益還是進一步剝削他們的權利呢?

這項實地調查主要在於探討金光農業資源有限公司如何在印尼婆羅洲的卡普阿斯上游區進行一項試驗計劃。卡普阿斯上游區是一處相當著名的高地,有著大型湖泊、廣闊的森林、泥炭沼澤及資源豐富的內陸漁業。

調查結果令人吃驚。結果不只擱置“高碳儲備”的建議不受採納,而是整個運作都在可疑的情況進行。社區的土地在未經正當程序,及觸犯棕油可持續發展圓桌會議(RSPO)標準的情況下被奪走。在森林生活的達雅族失去土地,讓步給種植園和擱置地,他們抱怨土地變得稀少。同時,馬來漁夫指控該公司污染河流,導致魚產下降,魚群繁殖發生問題。

公司要避免此類不當行徑的主要方法是先承認社區的權利和生計,而且只有確定了高保護價值和“高碳儲備”的區域之後,才可商議該土地用作種植或空置。否則,從社區的角度來看,閒置土地的計劃只是激化土地掠奪問題和減少他們的食物來源保障而已。

針對上述案例,金光農業資源有限公司(GAR)目前已經承諾把事情導正。這也表示一切將會重新開始,即劃分土地權利和重新商議使用社

Published by

請留言

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s