甜蜜的勝果-必達友成功捍衛土著習俗地

Upper Bengoh Locality Map
Upper Bengoh Locality Map
甘榜博宗(Kpg Bojong)及甘榜勒佐伊(Kpg Rejoi)31戶比達友土著人家代表出席法庭判決后,與州議員施志豪律師和律師團合影,紀念這勝利的一刻!
帶領村民捍衛土地習俗權的領導-西摩瑟坎(藍衣)接受媒體採訪。

(古晉18日)由文莪上游甘榜博宗(Kpg Bojong)及甘榜勒佐伊(Kpg Rejoi)31戶比達友土著人家入稟法庭,以證明所擁有土著習俗權的民事訴訟今早獲得良好解決。

高庭法官拿督羅扎麗雅今早在古晉發出控辯雙方同意的庭令,令這起2009年10月入稟法庭的訴訟案正式宣告結案。

在雙方同意的庭令中明確地闡明,古晉省土地與測量局局長及砂州政府承認起訴人及甘榜博宗、甘榜勒佐伊其他村民和甘榜達巴賽益(Kpg Taba Sait)及甘榜森邦(Kpg Semban)居民,共204戶人家獲得涉及面積約2千592公頃土地的土著習俗權。有關論點由起訴方所提呈,於1962年拍攝的鳥瞰圖佐證,並被附於雙方同意的庭令上。

起訴方及其他居民在提出民事訴訟申請時,要求古晉省土地與測量局局長及砂州政府需承擔古晉省土地與測量局及州政府進行土地測量的費用,以鑒別有關土著習俗地的界限並申報該土著習俗地為來自4個甘榜,共204戶人家的土著公共保留地,及作務農用途。

起訴方是援引1994年水務法令下2002年砂拉越左手港集水區宣告令來支持土著公共保留地的論點。

在同樣的雙方所同意庭令中,就如2010年苯莪國家公園通告中第5段文中所解說,甘榜達巴賽益及甘榜帕因博宗(Pain Bojong)等兩個甘榜,擁有在苯莪國家公園範圍內一定面積土地的業權。

至於甘榜森邦及甘榜勒佐伊居民的特權,則已在2010年苯莪國家公園通告中受認可,並於2010年3月25日被發佈於砂州政府憲報。

在控辯雙方同意的庭令下,起訴人及任何他們所代表的人士,均不能占用文莪水壩蓄水庫內的任何一片土地。

辯方將214萬令吉的賠款交存法庭,作為54名起訴人的賠償,並由起訴人根據個別的賠償額進行提領。

今早,在古晉法庭上,砂州律政官麥威利擔任古晉省土地與測量局局長及砂州政府的代表。

施志豪、許明仰及來自巴魯比安律師館的查米拉巴哈魯丁代表甘榜勒佐伊及甘榜博宗的31戶比達友家庭。

在高庭上籤署控辯雙方同意的庭令後,也是峇都林當區州議員的施志豪感謝砂州政府法律顧問拿督馮裕中在訴訟調解過程中的協助。

“這起訴訟的審理或需要數個月的時間來進行,因為訴訟涉及至少30名的證人上庭供證。如今,土地與測量局及砂州政府終同意承認起訴方及甘榜博宗及甘榜勒佐伊其他村民擁有土地的土著習俗權。”

施志豪向基督教本堂牧師西摩瑟坎及31戶家庭過去5年來堅毅捍衛他們的土著習俗地的信念致敬。

“即便地主們在訴訟聆審期間,面對辯護方許多的非正審申請,但他們仍然堅定立場,與辯護方周旋到底,以阻止相關單位將他們的土著習俗地宣佈為國家公園。”

他說,由控辯雙方同意的庭令對甘榜勒佐伊及甘榜博宗的土著比達友村民而言意義重大,並指有關土著地主是比達友部落其中一個最早期的定居地。

“他們於1850年左右便出現在文莪上游範圍,且1858年5月至1861年12月間,一個英文刊物也採訪及撰寫了居民及竹製橋樑的報導,進一步為土著地主們佐證他們的土著習俗權。

 

(Kuching) Despite threats of arrest and imprisonment, 31 native Bidayuh families of Kampung Bojong and Kampung Rejoi, led by Tua Kampung Simo Sekam, successfully fought a seven-year battle against the authorities for taking away their native customary rights land to build the Bengoh reservoir dam.

The High Court in Kuching this morning ordered the payment of compensation totalling RM2.14 million to 54 persons from the 31 families involved.

“This is not only a sweet victory for us, but a special Christmas gift.

“We will slaughter pigs to celebrate our victory after a hard-fought battle,” said Simo, pointing out that they had suffered severe hardships in defending their NCR land.

He said the families were threatened with arrest and imprisonment if they refused to move out from their ancestral lands that they and their forefathers had occupied for more than 160 years.

‘We refused to move to another place’

“But we fought on and refused to move out to another place. Instead we moved to a higher ground that is not going to be submerged by the dam water,” said Simo, who is the first plaintiff in the suit filed against the Sarawak government.

Lawyer See Chee How, who represented the plaintiffs, said a consent order was recorded by High Court judge Rhodzariah Bujang, bringing the case which was filed in October 2009 to a close.

See said the consent order expressly states that the Superintendent of Lands and Surveys of Kuching Division and the Sarawak government acknowledged and recognised that the plaintiffs and other residents of Kampung Bojong and Kampung Rejoi, together with the residents of Kampung Taba Sait and Kampung Semban, had acquired native customary rights to the land totalling 2,592 hectares.

He said emanating from the consent order, the two villages – Kampung Taba Sait and Kampung Bojong – would have privileges over the area described in the Bungo Range National Park.

The privileges of the people of Kampung Semban and Kampung Rejoi had already been admitted in a Bungo Range National Park notification published in the Sarawak government gazette in  2010.

See (left) said that by the consent order, the plaintiffs and all those whom they represented should not occupy land within the Bengoh dam reservoir area.

An amount of RM2.14 million deposited in the court for the payment of the compensation to 54 named persons would be withdrawn by them, he said.

See, who is the assemblyperson for Batu Lintang, expressed his appreciation to the government in settling the long-standing case amicably.

“This case could take months if it went to trial, as it involves at least 30 witnesses testifying. However, the Lands and Surveys Division and the Sarawak government have gracefully agreed to acknowledge and recognise that the plaintiffs and other residents have acquired native customary rights to the land.” he said.

See praised Tua Kampung Simo and his group of 31 families for their conviction to defend and safeguard their land, pointing out that they had stood their ground when faced with numerous interlocutory applications filed by the defendants.

They had weathered and battled the attempts by the relevant authorities to declare their NCR land areas as national parks, he added.

Constructed at a cost of RM310 million, the Bengoh Dam, which was completed in 2010, has a retention capacity of 144.1 million cubic metres of water that is directed to the Batu Kitang treatment plant.

The plant supplies water to residents in Kuching and Samarahan.

Sweet victory for Bidayuh NCR landowners

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