聖誕-希望和信念的季節

翻譯:田欣穎

THE SUNDAY POST|Thoughts & Opinions

HOW I SEE IT|SEE CHEE HOW 施志豪
ADUN BATU LINTANG & HUMAN RIGHTS LAWYER
巴都林當區州議員,人權律師

原是一趟工作行程,卻成了我在文莪上游最難忘的經歷。經雨後洗禮的惹卓甘榜(Kampong Rejoi)格外清新,讓我度過一個難忘的聖誕節。

回顧2009年,我經歷6個小時的長途跋涉,穿越綠葉叢林,途徑稻田和果園,再跨越6座巨型橫懸在河流上的竹橋(必達友稱為”Bhayan”),其中2座竹橋更是長達50米以上。這些竹橋更是堪稱為偉大的少數民族工程壯舉之一。

前往文莪上游,我們從文莪山脈下的文莪甘榜出發。而今,已可以從文莪水壩工地出發,開始4個小時的徒步健行,即可抵達泥格爾甘榜(Kampung Nyegol)(惹卓甘榜的新遷地/定居地)。

我們根據有關文莪上游範圍為必達友其中之一的定居地的文獻記載,既砂拉越公報 (Sarawak Gazette. 1885年10月1日-1887年3月1日)和有關必達友族群和竹橋的英文刊物記載(1858年5月-1861年12月),找到了西摩牧師和惹卓甘榜(Kampung Rejoi)和伯仲甘榜(Kampung Pain Bojong)的村民,並拜訪他們的村莊。

我們在西摩牧師的家中,與30位來自兩個甘榜的村民進行2個小時討論。整個談話過程非常嚴肅。他們肅穆認真,對於相關村民舊聚居區的記錄卻有相當的知識和見解。

無須我和我的工作夥伴阿平多加解釋,他們亦清楚明瞭,若無法證明土著習俗權的情況下,他們將會面對失去祖傳地的厄運。

享用過伊麗準備的豐盛必達友晚餐後,村民們正準備進行平安夜崇拜禮。

雨停了,村民的臉上映上微光。那是教堂微弱的日光燈的反射,而山上電流是由發電機供應的。

為了不想顯露我的疲憊,我選擇坐在教堂外休息,避免我不小心打瞌睡大鼻鼾,而干擾了村民的平安夜崇拜禮。

我沈醉在這皓潔明月的夜空,羨慕著村民們簡樸清靜的生活。然而,威脅著村民生活的水壩工程計劃卻令人髮指。我感到困惑無力,該如何在這個案件裡為村民伸張正義。

高掛的月亮越圓越亮,我並沒有睡著。在這個冷颼颼的高原之夜,教堂傳來喜樂的吉他聲和聖歌樂曲,溫暖了我的心房。

“Malaikat, nga jawa bas … Allah kudip manusia, ngapu nyanyi meh atin nga, darum bragah dok kibas!”

我無法明白歌詞含義,聽起來却特別喜悅活力。我沉醉在他們了的歌聲裡。

西摩牧師後來向我解釋,這是這首聖歌的最棒的環節。“牧羊人看見天使和曙光。上帝賜生命於人類,因此我們歡愉歌唱,歸於榮耀。”

“上帝給了我們希望。”他補充,“在祂的恩典之下,我們能拯救家園。”

我分享他的樂觀,對於一個只有小學教育程度他能如此堅定信念而感到驚訝。

夜宵後,我們繼續進行討論直到深夜,大家都熱切參與。

他們的堅定的信念是如此不可思議,而這也是他們這五年來面對公社混亂、不明確合法土地期限、法律訟事和政治威脅的唯一武器。

今年聖誕的一個星期前,高等法庭宣判西摩牧師和必達友村民擁有土著習俗地權。這與當時西摩牧師所說的希望和信念,相隔了整整5年。

來自奧克拉荷瑪,薩帕爾帕的聖經浸禮會教堂的大衛齊默爾曼牧師在其佈道會裡說了一個有意義的聖誕故事:和平、希望與愛的信息。

“聖誕,是一年的結束,也是另一年的開始。它是過去與未來的交接口。”

“在祝福和考驗下度過,一年過去了;新年在即,充滿著未知數。現在,我們歡慶日曆上重要的日子-聖誕,讚頌著2000年前聖人誕辰的日子,因為上帝給了我們希望。聖誕-希望與信念的季節。”

how i see it 21.12.2014

原文鏈接:The Sunday Post

INITIALLY, it was a working trip, but arrival in Kampung Rejoi at the upper reach of Bengoh Range in heavy shower was quickly turned into the most memorable Christmas I have had.

It was back in 2009, six hours’ trekking in the lush green secondary forests, padi fields, fruit orchards and crossing six long overhanging bridges made largely of bamboo (bhayan in Bidayuh) across rivers — two of them easily more than 50 metres in length. These overhanging bridges are hailed as one of the greatest indigenous engineering feats in the world.

The hiking then began from Kampung Bengoh, an old village at the foot of the Bengoh Range (now, one can drive beyond the Bengoh Dam site and begin their four-hour trekking to reach Kampung Rejoi-Nyegol).

It was a working trip because we were to find out from Pastor Simo and the village folk of Kampung Rejoi and Bojong Pain the history of the Upper Bengoh settlements first recorded in the Sarawak Gazette (October 1, 1885 to March 1, 1887), publishing a journal writing on the folk and the bamboo bridge between May 1858 and December 1861.

For two hours, it was serious discussions at Pastor Simo’s house with more than 30 grim-faced but knowledgeable village elders from the two kampungs, showing and explaining records of their old settlements.

No measure of explanation from me and my working partner, Ah Pang was enough for them to accept they should leave their ancestral domain if they failed to prove their native customary rights to the land they have inherited.

After a late dinner of indigenous Bidayuh delicacies, prepared by the equally learned hostess Eally, everybody was ready for the customary service for Christmas Eve.

The rain had stopped and faces were cheery and glowing from the faint lighting coming from the Church, powered by generator, of course.

I sat outside the village Church, not wanting to display my tiredness — certainly not to spoil their service with the most likelihood I would doze off and snooze away.

Admiring and enjoying a moon-lit clear sky, I was envious of their living – and angry with the proposed dam project that was threatening to uproot these innocent folk, and most of all, feeling powerless and confused how justice could be best served in this case.

I didn’t fall asleep — the moon just got bigger and brighter in the sky and my heart warmed up in the cool mountains, more than a thousand feet above Kuching. It was all because of the blissful reverberation of the guitars and joyous singing emanating from their house of worship.

Malaikat, nga jawa bas … Allah kudip manusia, ngapu nyanyi meh atin nga, darum bragah dok kibas!
I did not know what it meant back then but it sounded so good and especially loud and merry that I totally enjoyed it and could feel myself immersed in their joyous chorus.

Pastor Simo later explained this was the best part of the chorus: “The shepherds saw the angels, and a great light … Allah gave life to humankind, therefore sing heartily, in joy and glory.”

“Allah gives us hope,” he said, adding: “With His Grace, we will save our homes.”

I shared his optimisms and was completely dazzled by the conviction and strength in the words of this pint-sized man who had only primary education.

We had supper and continued our discussions into the wee hours of Christmas morning — everyone in zest.
It was just amazing, how this hope, the only armour they have been holding for the last five years, have seen them weather the communal confusion, uncertainties of legal land tenureship, interlocutory court battles and political intimidations.

Exactly a week to Christmas, a week to a full five years when Pastor Simo said they had hope, the authorities have gracefully admitted Pastor Simo and the native Bidayuh communities have native customary land rights, and a consent judgment was penned and pronounced by the learned High Court Judge.

As Pastor David Zimmerman of the Bible Baptist Church in Sapulpa, Oklahoma, put it in his meaningful sermon The Christmas Story – A Message of Peace, Hope, and Love:

“Christmas is poised at the end of one year and the beginning of the next – at the crossroads of the past and the future.”

“A previous year, with its blessings and its trials, is gone. A new year looms ahead, full of uncertainties. Yet, here is Christmas – the celebration of a birth that took place 2,000 years ago – a perennial bright spot on our calendars – because God has given us hope. Christmas should be a time of hope.”

Editor’s note:
thesundaypost welcomes Batu Lintang assemblyman See Chee How on board as a regular writer in the ‘Thoughts and Opinions’ pages.
Making his writing debut, he said, “Former Kuching MP Sim Kwang Yang (SKY) is the inspiration. He has always believed and taught me that partisan politics should take a back seat, public interests and the good and progress of humankind is of utmost importance. And public interests and the good and progress of humankind can be best served through social awareness building and learning, the less partisan politics the better.
“Therefore, I will write more as a lawyer, an activist and a non-partisan political worker.”
See has wished to maintain the late SKY’s inspiration in present tense, because for him, SKY lives in his heart and that of many others forever.
The late SKY was a prolific writer and was a columnist for thesundaypost and The Borneo Post from 2007 to the end of 2012, only stopping due to ill health.

請留言

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s